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Lithium
 
Element Rebus for Lithium

LITH-I-UM

Chem4Kids Scientist Guy with Spiked Hair
Let's start our look at the second row of the periodic table with lithium (Li). Lithium is the third element of the periodic table and was discovered in 1817 by a chemist named Arfvedson. You might find lithium in everyday objects, such as medicines and batteries.

This is the first metal encountered in the periodic table, and it is a silvery colored solid when purified. One thing to remember is that lithium is never found alone in nature. It is always bonded to other elements. Scientists use the letter pair "Li" to represent lithium in chemical equations. You might find it bonded to chlorine (Cl) from the other side of the periodic table in the molecule lithium chloride (LiCl).

Where can you find lithium?

Batteries
Batteries
You have batteries in many of your toys. In flashlights you need batteries. In your watch you probably have a battery. Well... Most of those batteries need lithium to work. Lithium is an important element in the way a battery makes electricity.
Medicine
Medicine
Lithium is used as a medicine too! When you take lithium it acts on nerves in your brain and changes the way you act.
Rocks
Rocks and Soil
Lithium is a metallic element and is found in many rocks. When you're out gathering interesting looking rocks, lithium is probably one of the elements inside.
Water Springs
Hot Springs
Sometimes people take vacations at resorts. Some of those resorts are near "Springs". We're not talking about a spring that bounces up and down, but mineral water springs that come out of the ground. Many people think that is healthy and fun to find these springs.
Nuclear Reactors
Nuclear Reactors
Lithium is a very important element in Nuclear Reactors. It is a very light element which makes it important to scientists. It is used in many chemical reactions and processes.
Air Conditioning
Air Conditioners
Next time it's really hot out and you're nice and cool inside, you should thank lithium. Lithium is used in air conditioning systems. You know that everyone uses air conditioning. That means everyone is using some lithium.

> More about the orbitals and compounds of lithium.

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