Chem4Kids.com Home Page Matter Atoms Elements Reactions Biochemistry Activities Chem4kids Sections Search
Carbon
 
Element Rebus for Carbon

CAR-BON

Chem4Kids Scientist Guy with Spiked Hair This is the magic element for everything on Earth. All life on Earth depends on carbon (C). It is in nearly every biological compound that makes up our bodies, systems, organs, cells, and organelles. When you breathe out, there is a lot of carbon dioxide (CO2). Carbon has been known and used for thousands of years. It was never really discovered. Ancient people knew of the black soot left over after a fire. That was carbon.

Carbon is the sixth element in the periodic table. Located between boron (B) and nitrogen (N), it is a very stable element. Because it is stable, it can be found both by itself and in many naturally occurring compounds. Scientists describe the three states of carbon as diamond, amorphous, and graphite. It is the same graphite you find in pencils.

Where can you find carbon?

Plants
Plants
All plants have carbon as their most important element. Without carbon plants would not exist. That means every animal on Earth also needs carbon to survive. You can't just eat carbon, it needs to be in plants before humans can do anything with it.
Diamonds
Diamonds
When you see a diamond it is one big chunk of carbon. After a very long time and carbon is left in a very high pressure area, all of the atoms are pushed together to form a crystal. That crystal is called a diamond.
Charcoal
Charcoal
The next time your family goes to a barbecue you'll know that the main ingredient of the charcoal is carbon. Carbon compounds store lots of energy and is good at holding onto heat. That's why it's used for charcoal.
Pencils
Graphite
Take a look at your pencil. The black stuff you write with is made of carbon. It is a special type of carbon called graphite.
Gasoline
Petroleum Products
Next time you're at the gas station you can know that carbon is the most important part of gasoline. Gasoline is made up of oil and oil is created from the plants which died millions of years ago. You know there is carbon in plants... That means there is carbon in oil and gasoline.
Plastics
Plastics
Everything that is plastic has carbon in it. We just talked about gasoline. Like gasoline, plastic things are made from oil. That means carbon is also the most important element plastic.

> More about the orbitals and compounds of carbon.

Next Element
esta página en español

 
> Say It/Find It
- Orbitals and Bonds

-

Previous Element
- Next Element
- Element List
- Periodic Table

MORE CHEMISTRY TOPICS



Link to Cosmos4Kids.com Link to Biology4Kids.com Link to Chem4Kids.com Link to Geography4Kids.com Link to Physics4Kids.com Link to NumberNut.com Rader Network Side Navigation
 
RELATED LINKS
- Chem4Kids: Periodic Table
- Chem4Kids: Atoms
- Chem4Kids: Compounds
- Chem4Kids: Oxygen
- Chem4Kids: Silicon
- Chem4Kids: Chemical Bonds
- Chem4Kids: Biochemistry
- Geography4Kids: Biosphere
- Geography4Kids: Carbon Cycle
- Biology4Kids: Cell Function

  RETURN TO TOP
or
Search for more information...

* The custom search only looks at Rader's sites.
 



Help Page Go for site help or a list of chemistry topics at the site map!
©copyright 1997-2014 Andrew Rader Studios, All rights reserved.
Current Page: Chem4Kids.com | Elements | Carbon



** Andrew Rader Studios does not monitor or review the content available at these web sites. They are paid advertisements and neither partners nor recommended web sites.